Washington, DC – El Center for American Progress (CAP) publicó nuevos datos sobre los beneficios económicos a los estados y a las industrias si es aprobado el DreamAct. Las estadísticas incluyen incrementos estimados en el PIB a nivel estatal y federal, además de ofrecer un desglose de los trabajadores elegibles para DACA en Estados Unidos en determinadas industrias.
“Aprobar el DreamAct es lo correcto, y también es en el interés económico de nuestro país”, dijo Lynn Tramonte, subdirectora de America’sVoice. “Estas estadísticas dejan en claro, una vez más, que los Dreamers ya son estadounidenses. Trabajan y contribuyen exactamente igual que tú. Es hora de que el Congreso les otorgue la tranquilidad que merecen y apruebe el DreamAct antes de fin de año”.
Las estadísticas estado por estado calculan un incremento anual del PIB, así como otros aumentos atribuidos a un “Logro Educativo” de los Dreamers. Esto se refiere a un incremento en el producto interno bruto que resultaría de la mitad de la población inmediatamente elegible en cada estado que logre el estatus de residente permanente, tras cubrir requisitos educativos, ya sea completando un título o dos años de una licenciatura. Aquí mostramos las conclusiones de CAP:
The State-by-State Economic Benefits of Passing the Dream Act
By Ryan D. Edwards, Francesc Ortega, and Philip E. Wolgin
In the wake of the Trump administration’s decision to end Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and throw the lives of nearly 800,000 recipients into uncertainty, all eyes are on Congress to pass the Dream Act, to provide permanent protection and a pathway to citizenship for unauthorized immigrants who came to the country at a young age.
As a previous Center for American Progress study found, passing the bipartisan Dream Act—S.1615 in the Senate, and H.R.3440 in the House—and putting potentially eligible workers on a pathway to citizenship would add at least $281 billion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) over a decade, and as much as $1 trillion over a decade. But the benefits from the Dream Act accrue not just to the nation as a whole, but to individual states as well, and individual industries in those states. This follow-up analysis, and the downloadable data appendix (below) calculates those gains at the state and industry levels.
Conditional permanent residency and lawful permanent residency: Under the Dream Act, the first step on the pathway to citizenship is conditional permanent residency (CPR). After eight years in CPR status, Dreamers can become a lawful permanent resident (LPR)—also known as a green card holder—by completing either higher education, military service, or employment requirements.
The long run: Immediately after Dreamers receive CPR status under the Dream Act, they are able to work and operate like authorized workers at the same levels of education and work experience. These workers in turn become more productive, increasing their contributions to GDP. Then, in the long run—in this case, over the course of a decade—employers respond to the increases in labor productivity by making capital investments, including buying new tools or machinery and the like, further increasing the gains to GDP.
Education bump: In this analysis, the education bump refers to a scenario in which we assume that half of those eligible for the Dream Act obtain LPR status through the educational pathway by gaining either an associate’s degree or two years toward a bachelor’s degree. With a greater number of workers now having higher levels of education, their total productivity—and their economic contributions—increase.*
As we discuss in our previous study, although the Dream Act requires everyone to meet certain educational requirements before they can access CPR status, we concentrate here on all of the workers who meet the age and length of residency requirements regardless of educational attainment. This is because we believe that the bill’s passage will be a strong catalyst for people who have not completed the required education to go back to school and do so, and to illustrate that the broader the pathway to status under the bill, the greater the economic benefits.
Table 1 lists the number of Dreamers who are potentially eligible for the Dream Act and who are in the workforce, and the economic gains for each state in the long run and with the education bump.
California, with 515,000 immediately eligible workers, would eventually see the biggest gains, of between $6.1 billion in state GDP annually, and, with the education bump, $20.3 billion in state GDP annually. Texas—whose Attorney General threatened to sue to end DACA, had President Trump not ordered the ending of the program on September 5—has 306,000 immediately eligible workers and would see annual state GDP gains between $3.4 billion and $11.4 billion.
But even states with fewer numbers of immediately eligible workers would see big gains from passage of the Dream Act. Georgia, for example, has 65,000 Dreamers in the workforce and would see annual state GDP gains of between $718 million and $2.4 billion. Arizona has with 54,000 Dreamers in the workforce and would see annual state GDP gains between $585 million and $2 billion.